What is a Sub-broker Agreement?

When starting any partnership, a legal agreement is crucial. For a broking house and a sub-broker, a sub-broker agreement is especially important. But what exactly is a sub-broker agreement, and what clauses does it typically include? Let’s explore this in detail.

What is a Sub-broker Agreement?

A sub-broker agreement is a legal contract that outlines the terms and conditions both parties must adhere to. As a sub-broker, you cannot commence operations without this agreement in place. This document is essential as it delineates the rights and responsibilities of both parties involved.

What Does the Sub-broker Agreement Contain?

Now that we understand the significance of a sub-broker agreement, let’s delve into its primary contents.

Code of Conduct

The agreement specifies the code of conduct you must follow in your business dealings and your relationship with the broker. This includes agreements on commissions, maintaining transaction records, issuing necessary documents, and conducting security checks. Notably, the stockbroker can withhold your commission if there are client complaints.

Roles and Responsibilities

The agreement clearly defines the roles and responsibilities of both the main broker and the sub-broker. It details who will handle client accounts, execute trades, and provide customer support, among other tasks. For instance, the main broker might retain control over certain administrative duties, while you, as a sub-broker, may focus on client relationship management. This clarity fosters trust and ensures smooth business operations.

Compliance and Regulatory Requirements

Adherence to regulatory requirements set by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is crucial in stock market operations. The sub-broker agreement outlines the compliance roadmap, including client identification, risk management, and know-your-customer (KYC) protocols. By defining these expectations, the agreement promotes a culture of accountability and transparency.

Confidentiality and Non-disclosure

Confidentiality is paramount in finance and stock market investment. The agreement includes provisions to protect the privacy of client data, trading strategies, and business operations, preventing unauthorized information disclosure. Enforcing these confidentiality measures builds trust between brokers and sub-brokers.

Termination Clauses

The agreement also addresses termination conditions. It provides a clear framework for dispute resolution and contract termination, ensuring transparency and clarity. This helps mitigate potential conflicts and fosters accountability, ensuring an orderly dissolution if necessary.

Benefits of a Sub-broker Agreement

Access to Infrastructure and Resources

With a sub-broker agreement in place, you gain access to the main broker’s infrastructure and resources. Typically, sub-brokers are smaller firms or individuals who may lack the technological and financial resources to offer comprehensive services independently. Partnering with a principal broker allows you to leverage advanced trading platforms and other resources, enhancing your capabilities.

Boost Credibility and Reputation

Aligning with a main broker can significantly boost your credibility and reputation. Established brokers often have strong brands and successful track records, and associating with them can help you attract and retain clients, positively impacting your revenue.


A sub-broker agreement is a mutually beneficial partnership that outlines clear roles, responsibilities, and terms. These agreements foster trust and collaboration in the dynamic stock market environment, ultimately benefiting both parties involved.

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